The concept of project/event management is a sensitive task that requires expertise and devotion. In the case of major world events like the world cups and Olympic Games, there is great need for the host countries to undertake profound preparations so as to ensure success of the events (Heerkens 2007, p 72). Over the years, major world events have been faced with different risks in the preparation process, staging of the event as well as after the completion of the event. These risks are either natural or human initiated risks, which can be efficiently countered. For instance, terrorism attacks, racism, infrastructural failures and financial crises among other risks have faced major world events. These risks have led to failure of successful execution of the events alongside significant damage to property. Deaths and injuries have also been reported in major world events, hence calling for adequate preparations so as to ensure the risks do not occur.
Russia’s bid for the 2018 world cup has drawn a major concern about the risks that may face the event. In this case, reports by FIFA have shown that Russia has a medium risk level. Despite this report’s acknowledgement for an overall medium risk level in Russia’s 2018 world cup, it’s evident that a number of risks are facing the event(Wheeler & Sabey 2010, p 1). This paper will provide a profound a critical analysis of the risks that Russia 2018 world cup will be exposed and the counter measures to manage them.
To begin with, the operational risks in Russia have been ranked to be very high. This is in relation to the fact that Russia is not fully developed, hence having poor infrastructure.
For instance the transportation and communication plan of Russia are very poor. This phenomenon poses a high transportation and communication crisis. This will definitely have adverse impacts on the world cup event thus leading to its failures. With regard to the high number of people expected to attend the event, the infrastructural plan of Russia will not be able to cater for the needs of all people. These poor transport plan will definitely cause accidents among other inconveniences, thus negatively affecting the event (Hardt 2003, p 213).
The air traffic in Russia is also overlaid by numerous problems, whereby it will not be able to accommodate the increased traffic. Russia’s air transport is to up to date hence failing to meet global standards. A report by FIFA has indicated an overwhelming air transport crisis in Russia. This will definitely cause adverse effects to the world cup event. Since people will be expected from all corners of the globe during the event, a lot of inconveniences are likely to erupt (Markova 2008, p 145). The issue of delays in the airports will definitely occur hence affecting the smooth staging and execution of the different events of the world cup. Poor air transport infrastructure will also pose the people attending the world cup to severe risks of accidents. This is in relation to the small capacity of the airports and air strips. The reports conducted by FIFA officials have also shown a deteriorating status of the airports and airstrips, thus creating avenues for accidents and inconveniences (Markova 2008, p 145).
Reports by FIFA have also shown that the training venues and team hotels are adequate as alongside being substandard. Most of the hotel and training venues do not comply with FIFA’s standards and agreements. This poses severe operational crisis that may obstruct the successful execution of the event. In this regard, the participants of the event as well as FIFA will be exposed to unnecessary and excessive pricing thus causing inconveniences (Sagramoso 2004, p 27). The teams and FIFA officials participating in the vent may be required to seek accommodation and transportation from neighboring countries. This will definitely trigger the budgets of all participants, hence leading to inefficiency of the whole event. This phenomenon demonstrates a severe human initiated crisis that will affect the successful preparation, staging and completion of the event (Sagramoso 2004, p 27).
From another perspective, Russia remoteness and vastness in reference to other countries also exposes the world cup event to severe risks. Despite that the country is very vast in terms of geographical setup; it is not well linked with good transport network. There is an overwhelming limitation of high speed rail network, thus creating transport crisis. People attending the event will not be able to efficiently move from one location to another, thus causing delays and other inconveniences. The transportation cost is also projected to be very high hence triggering the budgets of the participants. Lack of good rail and road network in Russia will lead to increased pressure on air transport. This will in turn lead to transfer challenges as well as exposing the systems to accidents and other operational failures.
The issue of terrorism has been a serious threat and risks in newly all parts of the globe. In this case of major world events, terrorism attacks have been ranked as one of the highly potential risks that may affect the successful undertaking of the event. Over the last two decades, there has been an ill relationship between Muslim community and the western community. This scenario is likely to be projected to the Russia 2018 based on the fact that millions of spectators are expected to attend the event (Hallenberg & Karlsson 2005, p 67). Terrorism attacks by Alqaeda and other Muslim terrorism groups have claimed thousands of lives of Americans and their allies (Carew 2008, p 150). FIFA reports has shown that Russian airports are at a high risks of bombs attacks. Several suicide bomb attacks have been executed in Russia’s busiest airport Domodedovo. In these incidents hundreds of people have lost their lives and others sustained severe injuries. These phenomenons are raising serious security concerns about the 2018 world cup event in Russia. Security personnel and surveillance systems in Russia are not up to date thus opening avenues for the occurrence of the attacks (Braun 2008, p 6). With this in mind, the 2018 Russian world cup stands at a high risk of terrorism attacks.
Organized Criminal activities
Russia has been categorized as a mafia state, where all forms of crimes are undertaken. Despite Russia being one of the oldest civilizations and the largest country, it has been associated with bribery and organized criminals (Wheeler & Sabey 2010, p 1). The government of Russia is alleged to be pocketing more than ₤200billion annually in bribes. In this regard, the Russian government has been associated with the use of organized criminals to execute tasks that it can not undertake as a government. As highlighted by Wheeler & Sabey (2010, p 1), it’s difficult to identify the activities of organized criminals from those of government. Some of the major criminal activities going on in Russia include: money laundering, arms trafficking, extortion as well as personal enrichment. The Russian government has been reluctant in the arrest of criminals since it constantly collaborates with them in different dealings (Webster et al 2000, p 53). These criminal activities are posing a high risks to the 2018 world cup. The different participants attending the event are likely to be affected in one way or another by the activities of the criminals.
The war between England and Russia is still fresh in the minds of the citizens of both countries. In this case, both countries have had bad perceptions upon one another, whereby each seeks to undermine the other. The reputation of Russia has not been appealing, whereby it is blamed for being behind the resignation of Lord Triesman. This led to the decline of the England bid by Sorokin. Russia has also been blamed for hooliganism and racism in its football teams (Bennetts 2008, p 86). The issue of hooliganism and racism in Russian football has raised great deal of concern. In this case, violence is likely to occur during the ongoing of the matches, thus risking the welfare and safety of the spectators. Based on these insights the whole event is at great risk, since the opponents of Russia may take the advantage of revenging back (Braun 2008, p 6). This may lead to severe harm to the participants, hence spoiling the success of the whole event.
Due to the enormous developments required in the infrastructure, a severe financial crisis will definitely occur. The time span for the execution of the developments is limited based on the economic challenges facing the country. A report by FIFA has indicated that the country may experience significant challenges in smoothly undertaking the infrastructural developments (Heerkens 2007, p 72). Delays in the completion of the infrastructural developments will definitely affect FIFA’s operations. In this case Tournaments and temporary installation of facilities will be affected (Sundstrom 2006, p 27). This will in turn lead to high cost burden to FIFA as well as the project execution team.